Agung Dwi Nugroho, Dwi Aries Himawanto


The need for electrical energy is increasing every year. The present electrical energy remains largely dependent on fossil energy and can not be renewed. Indonesia is one of the countries rich in renewable energy potential. The abundant energy in Indonesia is water energy as a mini / microhydro scale generator. The development of hydro power is to utilize the potential energy flow of water that has certain head and debit. Then the potential energy is converted by turbine and generator into electrical energy. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a theoretical study to design the optimal angle of archimedes screw with a relatively easy design method. Based on the results obtained geometry and arch angle archimedes screw design with 0.050 m external diameter, 0.030 m internal diameter 0.055 m and slope  angle (α) 450 generates shaft power of 5.11 Watt at 50 rpm rotation capable of producing efficiency 89% with head 1 m and debit 0.5 m / s.


archimedes screw, sudu, sudut, head, efisiensi


A Nurul Suraya, N M M Ammar dan J Ummu Kulthum. 2015. The effect of substantive parameters on the efficiency of Archimedes screw microhydro power: a review. 3rd International Conference of Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER 2015). doi:10.1088/1757-899X/100/1/012030.

Bambang Yulistiyanto, Y H, and Lisdiyanti, 2012, Effect of Flow Discharge and Shaft Slope of Archimedes Screw on The Micro Hydro Power Plant. Dinamika TEKNIK SIPIL 12 1-5.

C. Zafirah Rosly, Ummu K. Jamaludin, N. Suraya Azahari, M. Ammar Nik Mu’tasim, A. Nurye Oumer and N. T. Rao. No. 18, vol. 11, September 2016. Parametric study on efficiency of Archimedes Screw Turbine. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. ISSN 1819-6608.

HavendriAdly, Hendrolius. 2009.Perancangan dan Realisasi Model Prototipe Turbin Air Type Screw (Archimedean Turbine) Untuk Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikrohidro Dengan Head Rendah di Indonesia, ArtikelTeknik No 31.vol.2, Thn XVI, April 2009, FakultasteknikUniversitasAndalas, Padang.

Tineke Saroinsong, Rudy Soenoko, Slamet Wahyudi dan Mega N. Sasongko. No. 15, vol. 11, August 2016. Performance of three bladed archimedes screw turbine. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. ISSN 1819-6608.

Rorres C. The turn of the screw: Optimal design of an Archimedes screw. J of Hydraulic Engineering.


Murray Lyons, William David Lubitz. 2013. Archimedes Screws for Micohydro Power Generator. Proceedings of the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability. ES2013-18067.

Nuembergk Dirk. M and Chris Rorres. 2013. Analytical Model for Water Inflow of an Archimedes Screw Used in Hydropower Generation. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering.139(2).

White FM. Fluid mechanics. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc.; 1994.

Erinofiardi, Agus Nuramal, Putra Bismantolo, Abhijit Date, Aliakbar Akbarzadeh, Afdhal Kurniawan Mainil, Ahmad Fauzan Suryono. 2017. Experimental study of screw turbine performance based on different angle of inclination. 1st International Conference on Energy and Power, ICEP2016, 14-16 December 2016, RMITUniversity, Melbourne, Australia.

Laghari JA, Mokhlis H, Bakar AHA, Hasmaini Mohammad. A comprehensive overview of new designs in the hydraulic, electrical equipment and controllers of mini hydro power plants making it cost effective technology.

Article Metrics

Abstract view: 404 times
Download     : 613   times


  • There are currently no refbacks.